Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes

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The number of diabetes patients is increasing day by day around the world. About 537 million people worldwide, between the ages of 20-79, all suffer from diabetes. (As per IDF Diabetes Atlas 10th edition 2021 data). Every seven seconds a person in the world is diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease. Every year more than 1 million people worldwide die from this disease.
Everything you need to know about diabetes
Everything you need to know about diabetes

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when our body cannot produce insulin on its own or the insulin that is produced becomes less effective, resulting in higher than normal levels of blood sugar or glucose.

Your blood glucose levels are then high because your body cannot properly use glucose for the energy it needs. Left untreated, this condition can lead to complications that can lead to blindness, heart attack or stroke, or even amputation. 

How Many Types Of Diabetes?

There are common 2 types of diabetes.

  • Type-1: Patients with diabetes lose all insulin in their body. If they are not given insulin separately, they may die. About 10% of patients with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
  • Type-2: Those who have insulin in their body, but it is not working. Then whatever food we eat, it accumulates in the body as glucose. This is type-2 diabetes.

Symptoms Of Diabetes

It is difficult to tell if your blood glucose level is high or not Maybe without testing. So you need to check your blood glucose levels regularly. These symptoms of diabetes:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Feeling more thirsty than usual
  • Feeling tired
  • Losing weight without trying to lose weight
  • Wounds and wounds take longer to heal.
  • Poor eyesight
  • Skin eruption

Treatment Of Diabetes

There is no strong evidence that any drugs or supplements help manage diabetes. To control diabetes sugar, doctors first check the patient's sugar level. This blood sugar test is done in two ways – firstly, fasting blood sugar test and secondly, postprandial blood sugar test.

This type of patient can stay well on his own by being careful and following several rules as given below:

  • Diabetics should do it daily. Asanas like Anuloma, Biloma, Kapalbharati in yoga are beneficial for diabetic patients.
  • Diabetic patients should always avoid any injury in their body.
  • Patients with diabetes should check their blood sugar levels regularly.
  • Avoid excess oil and spicy food and eat nutritious food every day.
  • Avoid processed foods and drinks. Avoid white pasta, pastries, fizzy drinks, sugary drinks, sweets etc.
  • Eat more green vegetables and fresh fruits.
  • Lose weight if you are overweight. If you have to lose weight then it should be done slowly.
  • Avoiding smoking is also important.
  • Get your winter flu shot.
  • Check your feet daily for decreased sensation and changes in color or shape.

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