How To Avoid Heat Stroke In Hot Weather?

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The hospital's emergency room grew crowded with patients as the morning went on, most of whom were sweating profusely and breathing heavily. Checking the pressure and sugar levels reveals that both are below normal, and the body temperature is also very high. In other words, the prevalence of sunburns and heat strokes is almost evident in this weather. School children and pedestrians are facing the brunt of the intense heat wave.
How To Avoid Heat Stroke In Hot Weather?
Scientists have already confirmed that everyone will experience the effects of global warming in the near future. As a result, the temperature on the earth's surface will rise. Therefore, we are powerless to change the situation, but we now need to learn how to adapt to this new environment.

What's a Heat Stroke?

We learned about the heat wave in different districts through various media outlets or through the Google Weather app on our smartphones. According to the Meteorological Department, there is a possibility of rain within the next few days. According to medical science, a heat stroke occurs when the body's temperature exceeds 105 degrees Fahrenheit. Normally, the thermal control center of our brain directs the blood to regulate the body temperature. When the body temperature rises for any reason, the skin's blood vessels expand, dispersing excess heat into the environment, and sweat also regulates the body's temperature. 

However, excessive sitting or working in hot and humid conditions can impair your body's ability to maintain its normal temperature. As a result, the body's temperature quickly rises above the danger level, causing a heat stroke. Although this heat stroke is the highest stage, However, before reaching this stage, the body must go through some additional steps that it can detect in advance.

What Are The Signs That You Are Suffering From A Heat Stroke?

As the temperature rises, the body reacts in different ways. Initially, the body sends a signal known as heat cramps. At this point, the body's muscles ache, the body feels weak, the body feels sluggish, and there is extreme thirst. In the next stage of heat exhaustion, symptoms such as rapid breathing, headache, dizziness, vomiting, incoherent behavior, dizziness, etc. appear. However, in both of these cases, the body temperature remains under control, and the body starts sweating heavily. So in such a situation, if you do not take immediate action, the possibility of a heat stroke increases a lot.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Heat Stroke?

1. The body temperature rises to 105°F. 
2. The skin becomes dry and flaky. Sweating may stop. 
3. The patient is breathing very fast. 
4. The pulse is slow and rapid. 
5. Blood pressure is reduced. 
6. Nausea, dizziness, unusual behavior. 
7. The amount of urine decreases, and the color becomes yellow.
8. The patient can be discharged. It can even cause temporary unconsciousness.

Who Is More Likely To Have A Heat Stroke?

Anyone who works long hours in extreme heat and humidity can have a heat stroke. However, in some cases, the risk of stroke increases. Such as

1. Children and the elderly are more likely to have heat strokes because of their low heat control abilities.

2. People who work in the sun during the day have a higher risk of heat stroke. This includes individuals such as farmers, laborers, rickshaw pullers, day laborers, and construction workers.

3. The risk of heat stroke increases if the body is dehydrated, i.e., drinking less water, and those whose bodies expel water and minerals in excessive sweat.

4. Some medicines increase the risk of heat stroke, especially for those who take diuretic group medications when there is a lack of water in the body.

What Are The Ways To Prevent Heat Stroke?

1. Since we know the cause, we can easily understand how to prevent it. In the summer, as the amount of water decreases through sweat, it is necessary to hydrate the body by drinking a lot of water. Use water to make up for the electrolyte deficiency. It must be mixed. Otherwise, mix 4 tablespoons of sugar and 1 teaspoon of salt in a liter of water and put it in the bag. Drink this water at regular intervals. Along with water, you can drink fruit juices (lemon, lime, and watermelon). Patients with kidney and blood pressure problems should drink water as per the advice of the doctor.

2. Wear loose-fitting, light-colored clothes. Protect your body from the heat. Use full-sleeved clothing or clothes that cover most of the body. Be sure to use a soft cloth. It quickly cools your body and keeps you hydrated.

3. Always wear sunglasses, hats, and gloves when going out. Wash your hands with cold water after some time. You are able to bring along a wipe.

4. Apply sunscreen according to your skin type. Avoid sunscreens that contain chemicals like parabens or oxybenzone. A sunscreen containing titanium dioxide or zinc oxide is beneficial for sensitive skin. It protects the skin from sunlight. For people with oily skin, avoid oil-based sunscreens, and for people with dry skin, use moisturizers. Apply the sunscreen at least 30 minutes before leaving the house. If possible, repeat after 2 hours. When exposed to advertisements, do not use a sunscreen with a high PF. In our environment, a sunscreen with a fairly high PF (30) is enough. Also, check whether the sunscreen has the ability to resist both A and B rays.

5. Don't eat fast food in the summer. This is because the excess salt and oil in fast food can cause more damage to your body in the heat. Avoid eating food from outside. Focus on home-cooked meals.

6. In order to prevent perspiration from accumulating on the body in extreme heat, if possible, wipe the body by soaking the handkerchief in water. Take a bath at home.

7. Do not sit in the AC suddenly, coming from outside, or suddenly go out of the AC in excess heat.

8. Do not drink tea, coffee, or juice.

9. Do not stand in the sun for a long time. This will reduce blood pressure.

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